The environmental impact of liberalization: the case of European railways
Management Seminar by Lorenzo Cicatiello (University of Naples "L'Orientale") - N1-1701
February 2018, Thursday 22 (11:00 am)
Since the 1990s, revitalizing the railways has become a key objective of the EU’s transport policy. EU’s efforts have focused on the liberalization of these services and the creation of a single European railway area. The declared goal has been to shift the balance between transport modes, from private to public modes, and specifically from car and plane to rail. One of the most strategic implications of this modal shift is its positive impact on the environment as rail is usually considered to be a ‘green’ mode of transport, at least ‘greener’ than cars and planes in terms CO2 emissions. This research seminar seeks to answer the following research question: Has railway liberalization corresponded to lower CO2 emissions? Drawing on a panel approach on a large set of countries, we developed a preliminary econometric model where per capita CO2 emissions for transport were used as dependent variable and the OECD’s Energy, Transport and Communications Regulation (ETCR) indicator on railway liberalization was used as independent variable.